Subpart 1 – State Agency Programs
SEC. 1411 | SEC. 1412 | SEC. 1413 | SEC. 1414 | SEC. 1415
SEC. 1416 | SEC. 1417 | SEC. 1418 | SEC. 1419
SEC. 1416 | SEC. 1417 | SEC. 1418 | SEC. 1419
SEC. 1411. ELIGIBILITY
- A State agency is eligible for assistance under this subpart if such State agency is responsible for providing free public education for children and youth —
- (1) in institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth;
- (2) attending community day programs for neglected or delinquent children and youth; or
- (3) in adult correctional institutions.
SEC. 1412. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS
- (a) SUBGRANTS TO STATE AGENCIES-
- (1) IN GENERAL- Each State agency described in section 1411 (other than an agency in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) is eligible to receive a subgrant under this subpart, for each fiscal year, in an amount equal to the product of —
- (A) the number of neglected or delinquent children and youth described in section 1411 who —
- (i) are enrolled for at least 15 hours per week in education programs in adult correctional institutions; and
- (ii) are enrolled for at least 20 hours per week —
- (I) in education programs in institutions for neglected or delinquent children and youth; or
- (II) in community day programs for neglected or delinquent children and youth; and
- (B) 40 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in the State, except that the amount determined under this subparagraph shall not be less than 32 percent, nor more than 48 percent, of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.
- (2) SPECIAL RULE- The number of neglected or delinquent children and youth determined under paragraph (1) shall —
- (A) be determined by the State agency by a deadline set by the Secretary, except that no State agency shall be required to determine the number of such children and youth on a specific date set by the Secretary; and
- (B) be adjusted, as the Secretary determines is appropriate, to reflect the relative length of such agency’s annual programs.
- (b) SUBGRANTS TO STATE AGENCIES IN PUERTO RICO-
- (1) IN GENERAL- For each fiscal year, the amount of the subgrant which a State agency in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be eligible to receive under this subpart shall be the amount determined by multiplying the number of children counted under subsection (a)(1)(A) for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico by the product of —
- (A) the percentage which the average per-pupil expenditure in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is of the lowest average per-pupil expenditure of any of the 50 States; and
- (B) 32 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.
- (2) MINIMUM PERCENTAGE- The percentage in paragraph (1)(A) shall not be less than —
- (A) for fiscal year 2002, 77.5 percent;
- (B) for fiscal year 2003, 80.0 percent;
- (C) for fiscal year 2004, 82.5 percent; and
- (D) for fiscal year 2005 and succeeding fiscal years, 85.0 percent.
- (3) LIMITATION- If the application of paragraph (2) would result in any of the 50 States or the District of Columbia receiving less under this subpart than it received under this subpart for the preceding fiscal year, then the percentage described in paragraph (1)(A) that is used for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for the fiscal year for which the determination is made shall be the greater of —
- (A) the percentage in paragraph (1)(A) for such fiscal year; or
- (B) the percentage used for the preceding fiscal year.
- (c) RATABLE REDUCTIONS IN CASE OF INSUFFICIENT APPROPRIATIONS- If the amount appropriated for any fiscal year for subgrants under subsections (a) and (b) is insufficient to pay the full amount for which all State agencies are eligible under such subsections, the Secretary shall ratably reduce each such amount.
SEC. 1413. STATE REALLOCATION OF FUNDS
- If a State educational agency determines that a State agency does not need the full amount of the subgrant for which such State agency is eligible under this subpart for any fiscal year, the State educational agency may reallocate the amount that will not be needed to other eligible State agencies that need additional funds to carry out the purpose of this part, in such amounts as the State educational agency shall determine.
SEC. 1414. STATE PLAN AND STATE AGENCY APPLICATIONS
- (a) STATE PLAN-
- (1) IN GENERAL- Each State educational agency that desires to receive a grant under this subpart shall submit, for approval by the Secretary, a plan —
- (A) for meeting the educational needs of neglected, delinquent, and at-risk children and youth;
- (B) for assisting in the transition of children and youth from correctional facilities to locally operated programs; and
- (C) that is integrated with other programs under this Act or other Acts, as appropriate.
- (2) CONTENTS- Each such State plan shall —
- (A) describe the program goals, objectives, and performance measures established by the State that will be used to assess the effectiveness of the program in improving the academic, vocational, and technical skills of children in the program;
- (B) provide that, to the extent feasible, such children will have the same opportunities to achieve as such children would have if such children were in the schools of local educational agencies in the State; and
- (C) contain an assurance that the State educational agency will —
- (i) ensure that programs assisted under this subpart will be carried out in accordance with the State plan described in this subsection;
- (ii) carry out the evaluation requirements of section 1431;
- (iii) ensure that the State agencies receiving subgrants under this subpart comply with all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements; and
- (iv) provide such other information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
- (3) DURATION OF THE PLAN- Each such State plan shall —
- (A) remain in effect for the duration of the State’s participation under this part; and
- (B) be periodically reviewed and revised by the State, as necessary, to reflect changes in the State’s strategies and programs under this part.
- (b) SECRETARIAL APPROVAL AND PEER REVIEW-
- (1) SECRETARIAL APPROVAL- The Secretary shall approve each State plan that meets the requirements of this subpart.
- (2) PEER REVIEW- The Secretary may review any State plan with the assistance and advice of individuals with relevant expertise.
- (c) STATE AGENCY APPLICATIONS- Any State agency that desires to receive funds to carry out a program under this subpart shall submit an application to the State educational agency that —
- (1) describes the procedures to be used, consistent with the State plan under section 1111, to assess the educational needs of the children to be served under this subpart;
- (2) provide an assurance that in making services available to children and youth in adult correctional institutions, priority will be given to such children and youth who are likely to complete incarceration within a 2-year period;
- (3) describes the program, including a budget for the first year of the program, with annual updates to be provided to the State educational agency;
- (4) describes how the program will meet the goals and objectives of the State plan;
- (5) describes how the State agency will consult with experts and provide the necessary training for appropriate staff, to ensure that the planning and operation of institution-wide projects under section 1416 are of high quality;
- (6) describes how the State agency will carry out the evaluation requirements of section 9601 and how the results of the most recent evaluation will be used to plan and improve the program;
- (7) includes data showing that the State agency has maintained the fiscal effort required of a local educational agency, in accordance with section 9521;
- (8) describes how the programs will be coordinated with other appropriate State and Federal programs, such as programs under title I of Public Law 105-220, vocational and technical education programs, State and local dropout prevention programs, and special education programs;
- (9) describes how the State agency will encourage correctional facilities receiving funds under this subpart to coordinate with local educational agencies or alternative education programs attended by incarcerated children and youth prior to their incarceration to ensure that student assessments and appropriate academic records are shared jointly between the correctional facility and the local educational agency or alternative education program;
- (10) describes how appropriate professional development will be provided to teachers and other staff;
- (11) designates an individual in each affected correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth to be responsible for issues relating to the transition of children and youth from such facility or institution to locally operated programs;
- (12) describes how the State agency will endeavor to coordinate with businesses for training and mentoring for participating children and youth;
- (13) provides an assurance that the State agency will assist in locating alternative programs through which students can continue their education if the students are not returning to school after leaving the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth;
- (14) provides assurances that the State agency will work with parents to secure parents’ assistance in improving the educational achievement of their children and youth, and preventing their children’s and youth’s further involvement in delinquent activities;
- (15) provides an assurance that the State agency will work with children and youth with disabilities in order to meet an existing individualized education program and an assurance that the agency will notify the child’s or youth’s local school if the child or youth —
- (A) is identified as in need of special education services while the child or youth is in the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth; and
- (B) intends to return to the local school;
- (16) provides an assurance that the State agency will work with children and youth who dropped out of school before entering the correctional facility or institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth to encourage the children and youth to reenter school once the term of the incarceration is completed or provide the child or youth with the skills necessary to gain employment, continue the education of the child or youth, or achieve a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent if the child or youth does not intend to return to school;
- (17) provides an assurance that teachers and other qualified staff are trained to work with children and youth with disabilities and other students with special needs taking into consideration the unique needs of such students;
- (18) describes any additional services to be provided to children and youth, such as career counseling, distance learning, and assistance in securing student loans and grants; and
- (19) provides an assurance that the program under this subpart will be coordinated with any programs operated under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.) or other comparable programs, if applicable.
SEC. 1415. USE OF FUNDS
- (a) USES-
- (1) IN GENERAL- A State agency shall use funds received under this subpart only for programs and projects that —
- (A) are consistent with the State plan under section 1414(a); and
- (B) concentrate on providing participants with the knowledge and skills needed to make a successful transition to secondary school completion, vocational or technical training, further education, or employment.
- (2) PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS- Such programs and projects —
- (A) may include the acquisition of equipment;
- (B) shall be designed to support educational services that —
- (i) except for institution-wide projects under section 1416, are provided to children and youth identified by the State agency as failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet the State’s challenging academic content standards and student academic achievement standards;
- (ii) supplement and improve the quality of the educational services provided to such children and youth by the State agency; and
- (iii) afford such children and youth an opportunity to meet challenging State academic achievement standards;
- (C) shall be carried out in a manner consistent with section 1120A and part I (as applied to programs and projects under this part); and
- (D) may include the costs of meeting the evaluation requirements of section 9601.
- (b) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT- A program under this subpart that supplements the number of hours of instruction students receive from State and local sources shall be considered to comply with the supplement, not supplant requirement of section 1120A (as applied to this part) without regard to the subject areas in which instruction is given during those hours.
SEC. 1416. INSTITUTION-WIDE PROJECTS
- A State agency that provides free public education for children and youth in an institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth (other than an adult correctional institution) or attending a community-day program for such children and youth may use funds received under this subpart to serve all children in, and upgrade the entire educational effort of, that institution or program if the State agency has developed, and the State educational agency has approved, a comprehensive plan for that institution or program that —
- (1) provides for a comprehensive assessment of the educational needs of all children and youth in the institution or program serving juveniles;
- (2) provides for a comprehensive assessment of the educational needs of youth aged 20 and younger in adult facilities who are expected to complete incarceration within a 2-year period;
- (3) describes the steps the State agency has taken, or will take, to provide all children and youth under age 21 with the opportunity to meet challenging State academic content standards and student academic achievement standards in order to improve the likelihood that the children and youth will complete secondary school, attain a secondary diploma or its recognized equivalent, or find employment after leaving the institution;
- (4) describes the instructional program, pupil services, and procedures that will be used to meet the needs described in paragraph (1), including, to the extent feasible, the provision of mentors for the children and youth described in paragraph (1);
- (5) specifically describes how such funds will be used;
- (6) describes the measures and procedures that will be used to assess student progress;
- (7) describes how the agency has planned, and will implement and evaluate, the institution-wide or program-wide project in consultation with personnel providing direct instructional services and support services in institutions or community-day programs for neglected or delinquent children and youth, and with personnel from the State educational agency; and
- (8) includes an assurance that the State agency has provided for appropriate training for teachers and other instructional and administrative personnel to enable such teachers and personnel to carry out the project effectively.
SEC. 1417. THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS OR PROJECTS
- If a State agency operates a program or project under this subpart in which individual children or youth are likely to participate for more than 1 year, the State educational agency may approve the State agency’s application for a subgrant under this subpart for a period of not more than 3 years.
SEC. 1418. TRANSITION SERVICES
- (a) TRANSITION SERVICES- Each State agency shall reserve not less than 15 percent and not more than 30 percent of the amount such agency receives under this subpart for any fiscal year to support —
- (1) projects that facilitate the transition of children and youth from State-operated institutions to schools served by local educational agencies; or
- (2) the successful reentry of youth offenders, who are age 20 or younger and have received a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent, into postsecondary education, or vocational and technical training programs, through strategies designed to expose the youth to, and prepare the youth for, postsecondary education, or vocational and technical training programs, such as —
- (A) preplacement programs that allow adjudicated or incarcerated youth to audit or attend courses on college, university, or community college campuses, or through programs provided in institutional settings;
- (B) worksite schools, in which institutions of higher education and private or public employers partner to create programs to help students make a successful transition to postsecondary education and employment; and
- (C) essential support services to ensure the success of the youth, such as —
- (i) personal, vocational and technical, and academic, counseling;
- (ii) placement services designed to place the youth in a university, college, or junior college program;
- (iii) information concerning, and assistance in obtaining, available student financial aid;
- (iv) counseling services; and
- (v) job placement services.
- (b) CONDUCT OF PROJECTS- A project supported under this section may be conducted directly by the State agency, or through a contract or other arrangement with one or more local educational agencies, other public agencies, or private nonprofit organizations.
- (c) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a school that receives funds under subsection (a) from serving neglected and delinquent children and youth simultaneously with students with similar educational needs, in the same educational settings where appropriate.
SEC. 1419. EVALUATION; TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE; ANNUAL MODEL PROGRAM
- The Secretary may reserve not more than 2.5 percent of the amount made available to carry out this subpart for a fiscal year —
- (1) to develop a uniform model to evaluate the effectiveness of programs assisted under this subpart; and
- (2) to provide technical assistance to and support the capacity building of State agency programs assisted under this subpart.
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